Links and information for marine climate data sets
- ICOADS, the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Sets 
- Global surface marine data from the late 17th century to date (presently 2007), both individual observations and monthly summary statistics. Current release is 2.5
- CLIWOC, Climate of the World's Oceans  
- Global surface marine data from 1750-1854, collected from old, handwritten ships' logbooks. Contain mostly wind direction and speed from the pre-instrumental period. Current release is 1.5; release 2.0 is planned for Spring 2007.
- RVSMDC, Research Vessel Surface Meteorology Data Center 
- The RVSMDC distributes quality-evaluated marine meteorological observations collected on research vessels. These data primarily are from automated instrument systems with a sampling rate of 1 minute. Data are available from TOGA/COARE, WOCE, and CLIVAR hydrographic cruises. The RVSMDC also hosts the project office for the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic System (SAMOS) initiative .
- HadSST3 
- ICOADS-derived bias-adjusted sea surface temperature data set from the Met Office Hadley Centre from 1850 to 2006.
- HadSST2 
- ICOADS- and GTS-derived sea surface temperature data set from the Hadley Centre from 1850 to the present.
- HadISST 
- Globally-complete, optimally-interpolated sea ice and sea surface temperature data set from the Hadley Centre from 1870 to the present.
- Kaplan et al.  RSOS SST analysis 
- Near-global data set of monthly sea surface temperature anomalies for 1856-1991, space and time interpolated using reduced space optimal smoother (RSOS). The input data were from the Hadley Centre 5 degree binned MOHSST5 historical data set. Expert user guidance is available at An Informed Guide to Climate Data Sets (NCAR)  Quasi-homogenous extensions of this analysis to the current month by the fields of Reynolds and Smith  NCEP OI, adjusted to the same climatology and filtered by the projection-reconstruction with the the same set of EOFs is also available. 
- HadDTR 
- Climatology of the diurnal temperature range of the sea surface. A 5°latitudex5°longitude gridded climatology of the diurnal range of sea surface temperature as measured by drifting buoys between 1990 and 2004.
- Kaplan et al.  RSOI SLP analysis 
- Near-global data set of monthly mean sea level pressure anomalies for April 1854 - December 1992, spatially interpolated using reduced space optimal interpolation (RSOI) on a regular 4 degree grid. The input data were COADS releases 1 and 1a monthly summary trimmed groups, for 2 degree bins. Expert user guidance is available at An Informed Guide to Climate Data Sets (NCAR) 
- HadSLP2 
- Globally-complete, optimally-interpolated combined land and marine monthly mean sea level pressure data set from the Hadley Centre from 1850-2004
- EMSLP 
- European-North Atlantic spatially-complete, optimally-interpolated combined land and marine daily mean sea level pressure data set from 1850-2003 (produced as part of the EC-funded EMULATE project).
- NOC Climatology v2.0 
- ICOADS-derived surface flux data set (sensible heat, latent heat, long- and short-wave radiation) from the National Oceanography Centre covering the period 1973 to 2010
- NOC Climatology v1.1 & 1.1a 
- ICOADS-derived surface flux data set (sensible heat, latent heat, long- and short-wave radiation and momentum fluxes) from the National Oceanography Centre
- FSU Fluxes 
- Access ICOADS-based monthly surface fluxes (sensible heat, latent heat, wind stress) and fields of surface parameters (air and sea temperature, specific humidity, winds) used to derive the fluxes. Additional access provided to FSU satellite-derived wind products. An extensive list of related flux products (in-situ, satellite, blended, NWP and ocean analyses) is maintained by FSU as part of the WGSF.
- Global Atlas of Ocean Waves 
- Climatic Atlas of Clouds Over Land and Ocean 
- Documentation: Hahn, C.J., and S.G. Warren, 1999: Extended Edited Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations over the Globe, 1952-1996. Numerical Data package NDP-026C, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Documentation, 79 pages). 
Nighttime Marine Air Temperature
- A globally incomplete gridded NMAT dataset produced by the MetOffice. Updated on a monthly basis.
- A globally complete gridded NMAT dataset produced by the MetOffice. Optimally interpolated version of MOHMAT43N which is not updated.
- Bermuda Atlantic Time-Series Study (BATS)
- Long time series from Hydrostation "S" - located 15 nautical miles southeast of Bermuda at 32º10'N, 64º30'W. It was initiated by Dr. Henry M. Stommel in 1954 and has been visited biweekly nearly continuously through the present. The data from Hydrostation "S" are physical in nature and consist of temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen measurements. These data have been widely used for monitoring long-term changes in both regional and global climate.
- British Oceanographic Data Centre
- BODC archive a large amount of subsurface and surface marine data that are available online or on request. Available data include: Argo float, CTD, gridded bathymetry, bottom pressure recorder, international sea level data, UK tide gauge network, current meter data, wave data and a variety of biological and chemical data.
- ENSEMBLES (EN3)
- Global subsurface ocean profiles of temperature and salinity that are quality controlled using a comprehensive set of objective checks developed at the Met Office Hadley Centre.
- Documentation: Ingleby, B., and M. Huddleston, 2006: Quality control of ocean temperature and salinity profiles - historical and real-time data. Journal of Marine Systems, in press Nov 2006
- Hawaii Ocean Time-Series
- Scientists working within the Hawaiian Ocean Time-series (HOT) project have been making repeated observations of the hydrography, chemistry and biology at a station north of Hawaii since October 1988. The objective of this research is to provide a comprehensive description of the ocean at a site representative of the central North Pacific Ocean. Cruises are made approximately once a month to Station ALOHA, the HOT deep-water station (22 45'N, 158W) located about 100 km north of Oahu, Hawaii. Measurements of the thermohaline structure, water column chemistry, currents, primary production and particle sedimentation rates are made over a 72-hour period on each cruise.
- HydroBase is a tool for climatological analysis of oceanographic properties (written in ANSI C). Building upon isopycnal averaging techniques developed for the Lozier et al. (1995) North Atlantic climatology, it provides a flexible means of producing and analyzing datasets customized to investigators' research needs.
- It includes a software package for gridding/analysis of data and both raw and quality controlled ocean profiles. HydroBase supports the following ocean variables: temperature, salinity, potential density, depth, pressure, nutrients, oxygen, dynamic height, buoyancy frequency, freon-11, freon-12, helium and tritium.
- International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
- ICES coordinate and promote marine research in the North Atlantic (includes adjacent seas such as the Baltic Sea and North Sea). Subsurface data include: temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll, pH, alkalinity. Surface temperature and salinity and fisheries statistics data are also available.
- NCAR Research Data Archive
- There are a large number of subsurface, surface marine and satellite data sets linked from this page. The subsurface observations (profiles) and analyses include the following variables: temperature, salinity, velocity (current meters), nutrients and chlorophyll.
- NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center
- These data include physical, biological and chemical measurements derived from in situ oceanographic observations, satellite remote sensing of the oceans, and ocean model simulations. Gridded analyses, quality controlled profiles and the 'raw' data (as submitted to NODC) are available from this site.
- NOAA/AOML Florida Current Transport
- There are two types of data available on this web page: in situ transport estimates from the calibration cruises, and transport estimates from the calibrated cable voltages. The in situ section data represents transports integrated either from dropsonde or lowered acoustic doppler profiler (LADCP) data. Dropsonde or LADCP data are collected at nine sites across the Florida Straits at roughly the same location as the submarine cable. (Note some cruises during the early 1990s used only eight sites.) Sections have been taken from the early days of the project in the 1970s until the present, and in the future up to 12-14 cruises per year will be done along this line.
- Sir Alistar Hardy Foundation for Ocean Sciences (SAHFOS)
- SAHFOS is an international charity that operates the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey. The CPR Survey's marine monitoring programme has been collecting data from the North Atlantic and the North Sea on the ecology and biogeography of plankton since 1931. The unique marine biological dataset provides a wide range of environmental and climatic indicators and is used by marine scientists and policy makers to address marine environmental management issues such as harmful algal blooms, pollution, climate change and fisheries.
- Tropical Atmosphere Ocean project (TAO)
- The TAO array (renamed the TAO/TRITON array on 1 January 2000) consists of approximately 70 moorings in the Tropical Pacific Ocean, telemetering oceanographic and meteorological data to shore in real-time via the Argos satellite system. The array is a major component of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Observing System, the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS).
- WOCE Global Hydrographic Climatology and Atlantic Ocean Atlas
- The WOCE Global Hydrographic Climatology (WGHC) provides a consistent and coherent hydrographic gridded full–depth data set on 45 depth levels with a 0.5° spatial resolution. For the WGHC the original profile data have been isopycnically averaged using optimal interpolation. Seven parameters subjected to a strict quality control are given: temperature, potential temperature, salinity, oxygen, silicate, nitrate, phosphate.
Model output / reanalysis
- Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO)
- ECCO is a consortium formed by a group of scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). Oceanic temperature, salinity and horizontal velocities are available on a 1-degree or 2-degree model grid with 22 vertical levels. A 50-yr reanalysis has been completed, for the period 1952-2001 (see http://www.ecco-group.org/reports.html).
- NCEP Global Ocean Data Assimilation System (GODAS)
- GODAS routinely produces monthly and pentad (5-day) mean global ocean gridded data. The analysis system uses GFDL MOM.v3 model and give near global coverage. The model domain specifications are 65N to 75S, 1 degree resolution with 1/3 degree resolution within 10 degree of the equator, 40 levels and 10 meter resolution in the upper 200 meters. Further information can be found on the GODAS website.